Cancer Related Glossary

Early detection: detecting cancer prior to symptoms or as soon as is practicable after the development of signs or symptoms.


Faster Cancer Treatment: 85 percent of patients receive their first cancer treatment (or other management) with 62 days of being referred with a high suspicion of cancer and a need to be seen within two weeks by July 2016, increasing to 90 percent by June 2017.


Health promotion: the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health. Health promotion involves community and individual measures to help people develop lifestyles that can maintain and enhance the state of well-being. The concept of health promotion underlies many of the approaches to reducing the risk of cancer among individuals and populations. Five action strategies for health promotion developed by the World Health Organization are:

·        promoting healthy public policy

·        creating supportive environments

·        strengthening community action

·        developing personal skills

·        reorienting health services


Multi Disciplinary Meeting: Doctors, nurses and other health professionals with skills in diagnosing and managing cancer will meet to discuss options and make a joint decision about both your cancer treatment and ongoing care, developing an individual treatment plan for you.


Primary prevention: preventing a particular problem from occurring. Primary prevention through reduction in risk factors, such as smoking and poor nutrition/lack of physical activity, offers great promise as an effective means of reducing the incidence of cancer.


Reducing incidence: influencing the reduction of the incidence of cancer in the population as a whole.


Reducing risk: identifying individuals at higher risk and advising them accordingly (e.g. health provider advice).


Screening: a process whereby people who have no symptoms are invited (either directly or through publicity) to undergo a test or procedure, usually at regular intervals at certain times in a person’s life.


Secondary prevention: The early or asymptomatic detection and prompt treatment of cancer e.g. through screening.


Tertiary prevention: Improving the outcome through treatment and ongoing monitoring that prevents further deterioration